In NSW, all levels of government (including state-owned corporations) can acquire privately owned land for a public purpose. They can acquire:
- all or part of a property
- interest in a property, including easements for power lines, sewer or water.
The Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 (the Land Acquisition Act) sets out the process for acquiring land.
The Land Acquisition Act directs acquiring authorities to negotiate with landowners for at least six months to acquire land by agreement. In these cases, the Valuer General is not involved. Most land acquisitions happen this way.
If you cannot reach an agreement with the acquiring authority through negotiation, the Governor of NSW can approve compulsory acquisition of your land. The Valuer General will then determine the amount of compensation the acquiring authority must pay for the land.
For more information, see:
- NSW Government's Property acquisition website
- Valuer General’s policy on Compensation following compulsory acquisition (PDF 771.1 KB)
- Valuer General’s policy on Compensation following compulsory acquisition involving possible conflicts of interest (PDF 606.7 KB)
- Valuer General’s policy on Compensation following compulsory acquisition of a substratum interest (PDF 569.6 KB)
- Valuer General’s policy on Compulsory acquisition advice (PDF 597.4 KB)
- Valuer General’s brochure on Compulsory acquisition (PDF 2.7 MB)
- Government guideline on Determination of compensation following the acquisition of a business (PDF 608.7 KB)
- Government guideline on Determination of compensation for disadvantage resulting from relocation. (PDF 642.4 KB)