In NSW all levels of government can acquire privately owned land for public purposes. They may acquire the whole property, part of a property or an interest in the property including easements for power lines, sewer or water.
The acquisition of land is undertaken in accordance with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991 (the Act). The body acquiring the land is commonly called the acquiring authority.
Most privately owned land, required by government for public purposes, is acquired by negotiation and agreement between the landholder and the acquiring authority. More information on this is provided on land acquisition page.
When a landholder and acquiring authority are unable to negotiate the purchase of the land, an acquiring authority can compulsorily acquire the land for a public purpose.
The Valuer General is required under the Act to determine the amount of compensation to be paid by the acquiring authority to the former landholder. Provision is also made for owner initiated acquisitions in cases of hardship.
For details on the process see the pages on the compulsory acquisition process.
The NSW Government's Land Acquisition website
Land Acquisition Information Guide, published by the NSW Government on the Department of Finance, Services and Innovation website
Valuer General’s policy, Compensation following compulsory acquisition (PDF 170.3 KB).
Valuer General’s brochure, Compulsory acquisition, NSW Valuer General’s role (PDF 1.7 MB).
Valuer General’s fact sheet Compulsory acquisition of land (PDF 144.2 KB).